Request Forms
ECONOCLAVE REQUEST FORM

City, State, and Country where autoclave will be installed

WHEN DO YOU EXPECT TO MAKE A DECISION?
WHAT TYPE OF QUOTATION ARE YOU LOOKING FOR?
Please send me a quotation for the following autoclave

For more information on the standard models, please look at our Standard Models page.

MAX OPERATING CONDITIONS:

150 psig (10.3 bar) @ 450°F (232 °C)

200 psig (13.8 bar) @ 800°F (426 °C)

Non-standard; °F ( °C) @ Pressure psig ( bar)

AVAILABLE OPTIONS

Please check the options you would like quoted.

VS - Alternate pressure vessel code. Learn more...

PW - Alternate primary and control power. Learn more...

CL - Cooling system options. Learn more...

VP - Vacuum pumps. Learn more...

CT - Floor and autoclave load carts. Learn more...

IN - Installation of Econoclave at my facility. Learn more...

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS

PRESSURE VESSEL REQUEST FORM

City, State, and Country where autoclave will be installed

WHEN DO YOU EXPECT TO MAKE A DECISION?
WHAT TYPE OF QUOTATION ARE YOU LOOKING FOR?

MAX OPERATING CONDITIONS:

150 psig (10.3 bar) @ 450°F (232 °C)

200 psig (13.8 bar) @ 800°F (426 °C)

Non-standard; °F ( °C) @ Pressure psig ( bar)

AVAILABLE OPTIONS

Please check the options you would like quoted.

VS - Alternate pressure vessel code. Learn more...

PW - Alternate primary and control power. Learn more...

CL - Cooling system options. Learn more...

VP - Vacuum pumps. Learn more...

CT - Floor and autoclave load carts. Learn more...

IN - Installation of Pressure Vessel at my facility. Learn more...

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS

CUSTOM AUTOCLAVE REQUEST FORM

City, State, and Country where autoclave will be installed

WHEN DO YOU EXPECT TO MAKE A DECISION?
WHAT TYPE OF QUOTATION ARE YOU LOOKING FOR?
AUTOCLAVE TYPE

Please indicate the type of autoclave you are interested in.

AUTOCLAVE DESIGN

The Econoclave design basis is almost always the best performance and value choice. Please see above the two instances when a conventional autoclave should be considered.

SIZE & ORIENTATION

Please enter the size of the Econoclave you desire.

ft ( mm )

ft ( mm )

OPERATING CONDITIONS

These values are the maximum operating conditions inside the autoclave. The autoclave pressure vessel will be normally designed 15 psi (1.1 bar) above the maximum operating pressure. Also, because the pressure vessel is internally insulated, the pressure vessel design temperature will always be 450 °F (232 °C)

F ( C )

Psig ( bar )

PART & TOOL LOAD

This represents the maximum expected load in the autoclave, including parts, tools, and carts

          lbs ( kg )

   lbs ( kg )

lbs ( kg )

         lbs ( kg )

         lbs ( kg )

   lbs ( kg )

           lbs ( kg )

LOADING CONFIGURATIONS

Autoclaves are normally designed with internal cart rails, in which case the rails are designed to hold a higher load than the floor. In some cases however, customers prefer that the autoclave floor be designed to hold the entire part and tool load and therefore the floor is much heavier and the autoclave is more expensive and requires more energy to heat and cool.

AIR CIRCULATION

Air circulation is one of the most critical elements that effect autoclave performance. High air velocity creates better temperature uniformity and increases the thermal transfer to and from the part load during heating and cooling operations. For most autoclaves we suggest an air-speed of 250 fpm (76 m/min) for best performance and value. For longer autoclaves (> 40 ft. or 12m) we suggest 300 fpm (91 m/min) in order to minimize circulation transit time.

Note: Air circulation is not required for wet steam autoclaves.

HEATING SYSTEM

ASC recommends electrically-heated autoclave for best performance and value. We can also manufacture autoclaves that are heated by natural gas (indirect fired) or thermal oil, but those are only recommended for large autoclaves and in cases where electrical power capacity is not available. Please select a heating type.

TEMPERATURE PEFORMANCE

Heating rates are calculated as average air-temperature rate from ambient (ie. 75 °F or 24 °C) to maximum operating temperature with the defined thermal load and a specific operating pressure. Cooling rates are calculated as average air-temperature rate from maximum temperature to 140 °F (60 °C) with the defined thermal load and a specific operating pressure. Temperature uniformity is qualified based on specific guidelines - see additional notes.

'f/min ( 'c/min )

'f/min ( 'c/min )

Empty autoclave or lbs ( kg) of Steel or Aluminum

Max operating or Psig ( bar)

+/- F ( C)

PRESSURE PEFORMANCE

Pressurization rates are based on average rate from 0 psi (0 bar) to maximum operating pressure. The design of the system assumes that the customer’s pressure supply tanks operated 50 psi (3.4 bar) above maximum operating pressure

'psi/min ( 'bar/min )

'psi/min ( 'bar/min )

Empty autoclave or lbs ( kg) of Steel or Aluminum

+/- psi( bar)

THERMOCOUPLES

VACUUM SYSTEM CONFIGURATION

The vacuum system is one of the most important systems on a composite autoclave. Typically, you should plan on at least one source line and one probe line for every part or tool in the autoclave. Although some older autoclaves are configured to have transducers only on the source lines, ASC does not agree with this approach and strongly recommends independent static probe lines so that each part or tool is monitored properly.

Each vacuum source line is equipped with a filter trap. These traps are very effective in trapping contaminants during a epoxy cure cycles, however they are not actively cooled. If you intend on using the autoclave primarily for high temperature polyimid cure cycles, you should consider purchasing the optional VacTrap ™ cold-trap system.

AVAILABLE OPTIONS

Please check the options you would like quoted.

VS - Alternate pressure vessel code. Learn more...

PW - Alternate primary and control power. Learn more...

CL - Cooling system options. Learn more...

VP - Vacuum pumps. Learn more...

CT - Floor and autoclave load carts. Learn more...

IN - Installation of Econoclave at my facility. Learn more...

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS

OVEN REQUEST FORM

City, State, and Country where autoclave will be installed

WHEN DO YOU EXPECT TO MAKE A DECISION?
WHAT TYPE OF QUOTATION ARE YOU LOOKING FOR?
OVEN TYPE

The following request form is used to configure a a composite oven to meet your exact requirements.

OVEN CLASS

As defined by NFPA 86, there are two classes of ovens. Class B is an oven "wherein there are no flammable volatiles or combustible materials being heated". Class A ovens are those utilized in processes with present solvents, volatile materials or other flammable or combustible contents. Electrically-heated composite ovens typically are usually Class B ovens, while gas-fired ovens are always Class A.

SIZE

ft ( mm )

ft ( mm )

ft ( mm )

These values are the maximum operating conditions inside the oven.

Maximum operating temperature: _450_ 'F (_232_'C)

DOOR CONFIGURATION

ASC can manufacture ovens with swing doors or vertical lift. We can also provide double-door on front and back of oven.

ASC can install high-temperature windows on the door(s). Standard windows are 10" x 10".

AIR CIRCULATION

Air circulation is one of the most critical elements that effect oven performance. High air velocity creates better temperature uniformity and increases the thermal transfer to and from the part load during heating and cooling operations. For most composite parts, we would suggest a target of 250 fpm for best performance and value. It is also standard practice to define the number air exchanges per minute rather than define a specific air-speed. In this case ASC typically recommends at least 15 exchanges per minute.

ft/min ( mm/min )

exchanges/min

HEATING SYSTEM

PART & TOOL LOAD

This represents the maximum expected load in the oven, including parts, tools, and carts.

lbs ( kg )

lbs ( kg )

lbs ( kg )

LOADING CONFIGURATIONS

TEMPERATURE PEFORMANCE

Heating rates are calculated as average air-temperature rate from ambient (ie. 75 'F or 24 'C) to maximum operating temperature with the defined thermal load and a specific operating pressure. Cooling rates are calculated as average air-temperature rate from maximum temperature to 140 'F (60 'C) with the defined thermal load and a specific operating pressure. Temperature uniformity is qualified based on specific guidelines - see additional notes.

'f/min ( 'c/min )

'f/min ( 'c/min )

Empty oven or lbs ( kg) of Steel or Aluminum

THERMOCOUPLES

VACUUM SYSTEM CONFIGURATION

The vacuum system is one of the most important systems on a composite oven. Typically, you should plan on at least one source line and one probe line for every part or tool in the oven.

Each vacuum source line is equipped with a vacuum valve and a filter trap. These traps are very effective in trapping contaminants during a epoxy cure cycles, however they are not actively cooled. If you intend on using the oven for high temperature polyimid cure cycles, then you should consider purchasing the optional VacTrap cold-trap system.

LIGHTING

The oven can include interior lighting. Each light is 250w.

AVAILABLE OPTIONS

Please check the options you would like quoted.

PW - Alternate primary and control power. Learn more...

VP - Vacuum pumps. Learn more...

CT - Oven carts. Learn more...

IN - Installation of Oven at my facility. Learn more...

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS

CPC REQUEST FORM

City, State, and Country where autoclave will be installed

WHEN DO YOU EXPECT TO MAKE A DECISION?
WHAT TYPE OF QUOTATION ARE YOU LOOKING FOR?
EQUIPMENT TO BE CONTROLLED

Please provide a list of the equipment that will be controlled:

Others info:

SYSTEM CONFIGURATION

HARDWARE PREFERENCE

I'm interested in have you use the following PLC hardware:

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS

SERVICE REQUEST FORM

City, State, and Country where autoclave will be installed

REPAIR AND TROUBLESHOOTING

CALIBRATION

PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE

Describe the issue:

DESIGN ENGINEERING

Design requirements:

CONSULTING

General description of project:

CFD ANALYSIS

Consulting requirements:

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS

COMPONENTS REQUEST FORM

City, State, and Country where autoclave will be installed

WHEN DO YOU EXPECT TO MAKE A DECISION?
WHAT TYPE OF QUOTATION ARE YOU LOOKING FOR?
AUTOCLAVE SPECIFICATIONS

Please provide size and operating conditions for the applicable equipment you wish to upgrade.

Autoclave 1:

ft ( mm )

ft ( mm )

psig ( bar )

°F ( °C )

Autoclave 2:

ft ( mm )

ft ( mm )

psig ( bar )

°F ( °C )

Autoclave 3:

ft ( mm )

ft ( mm )

psig ( bar )

°F ( °C )

COOLING SYSTEMS

Please provide me with a closed-loop cooling system for my autoclave(s)

cooling system will need a cooling tower

VACUUM SYSTEMS

I'm interested in the following:

PRESSURIZATION SYSTEMS

I'm interested in the following:

COILS & EXCHANGERS

I'm interested in the following:

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS

ST- Startup and training by an ASC field engineer

This option provides all costs for an ASC field engineer to travel to your facility to perform startup of the equipment/control system and training of your personnel. The option includes all costs of on-site engineering labor, air fare, travel time, rental car, hotel, and subsistence costs.

For small Econoclaves and control systems, the on-site time is typically 5 days. For larger Econoclaves/Autoclaves, startup and training can require 2 weeks or more.

During the startup activity, the engineer will run through and validate all safety and functional systems and perform test runs to validate performance in accordance with your requirement. The engineer will also train your engineers, operators, quality and maintenance personnel in the proper programming, operations, and support of the Econoclave.

Training certificates will be provided upon request.

VS - Vessel design and construction code

Although many countries accept the ASME Division I, Section VIII pressure vessel standard, there are cases where an alternate pressure vessel code will be required. In these cases, there will be additional costs that are required for authorized inspection services.

 
  • VS1 ASME Division I, Section VIII - This is the pressure vessel design code accepted by the United States and hundreds of other countries. This selection will not increase price.
  • VS2 Pressure Equipment Directive - This is the code that governs pressure vessels for all EU countries. In this case, ASC will insure that the pressure vessel meets the directive with 3rd-party notified body approval.
  • VS3 China Pressure Vessel Code - This is the code that is required for all pressure vessels imported into China.
  • VS4 JIS - This is the code that is required for all pressure vessels operating in Japan.
  • VS5 Other. Please describe.

If you are unsure about the requirements of your country, please contact an ASC sales engineer and he will assist you in determining the correct code for construction.

VP - Vacuum pumps

While some customers prefer to use in-house vacuum systems to supply vacuum to the Econoclave, most prefer that a dedicated pump or pumps be provided on the Econoclave skid.

  • VP1 One vacuum pump, fully integrated to autoclave, with PC controls.
  • VP2 Two vacuum pumps, fully integrated to autoclave, with PC auto-switching and redundancy logic/controls.

ASC standardizes on an Airtech L-series, rotary-vane, oil-seal vacuum pump for our aerospace vacuum applications. The Airtech pump includes an exhaust filter, vibration isolators, and anti-suckback valve. The pump achieves a vacuum level of 29.8 "Hg (2 mmhg) at 60hz operation and sea-level.

For the VP2 option, ASC will provide two (2) pumps with PC-control logic that allows manual selection of a single pump, dual pump operation, auto-switching for balance duty and redundancy.

Pump Ratings

For composite applications, ASC has developed a simple rule of thumb for sizing vacuum pumps. We generally offer a pump that delivers a capacity that will provide approximately 2 cfm to each of the autoclave’s source lines. For example, a 10 source line application, we would select an L25 pump, which delivers 20 cfm.

Series cfm (60hz) m3/hr (50hz) HP KW
L12 7 6.6 .75 .5
L21 15 14.1 1 .75
L25 21 19.8 1.5 1.1
L40 31 29.2 2 1.5
L63 45 42.4 3 2.25
L100 70 66 5 3.75
L160C 117 110 7.5 5.6
L230B 155 146 7.5 5.6
L250D 180 169 10 7.5
L400C 330 311 15 11
L630C 460 434 25 18.7

PW - Power, voltage, frequency selection

Although the standard Econoclave autoclave is designed for 480 volt / 3phase service and 120 volt control power, we can design it to accommodate any international voltage and frequency requirement.

Please select one of the options below, or if your specific power requirement is not shown, select PW6 and explain your exact power requirements.

  • PW1 480 volt / 3 phase / 60hz primary power and 120vac control power.
  • PW2 380 volt / 3 phase / 50hz primary power and 24vdc control power.
  • PW3 400 volt / 3 phase / 50hz primary power and 24vdc control power.
  • PW4 415 volt / 3 phase / 50hz primary power and 24vdc control power.
  • PW5 575 volt / 3 phase / 60hz primary power and 24vdc control power.
  • PW6 Custom power - please describe.

If you are unsure about your exact requirements, please see the following document for international voltage and frequencies. Note: ASC's manufacturing plant is in the US and therefore utilizes 480V/3PH power. For this reason, when PW2-PW6 is selected, ASC will be required utilize rental diesel generator power to test the autoclave during in-house tests. This generator rental cost as well as a slight increase in motor costs will be priced into the project, so one should expect a slight increase in autoclave price when PW2-PW6 is selected.

CL - Cooling system options

The autoclave utilizes water for auxiliary cooling requirements (ie. fan motor capsule) and for main cooling requirements. Some customers prefer to utilize their own water delivery system, however the majority of Econoclave buyers prefer that ASC provide an integrated cooling system for the equipment.

 
  • CL1 Cooling system with open evaporative tower
  • CL1S Cooling system with open evaporative tower and stand
  • CL1T Cooling system with open evaporative tower and TDS flushing system
  • CL1ST Cooling system with open evaporative tower, stand, and TDS flushing system
  • CL2 Cooling system with closed evaporative tower
  • CL3 Cooling system with water-water exchanger
  • CL4 Cooling system with radiator fan exchanger
  • CL5 Cooling system with refrigerated chiller

Basic theory of Operation

 

The typical Econoclave water system has a water holding tank, main circulation pump, tower circulation pump, and a cooling tower. The main circulation pump transfers cold water from the tank to the Econoclave for fan capsule cooling requirements and main cooling requirements and then back to the tank. As the temperature in the water tank increases, the control system will turn on the tower circulation pump and tower fan. The tower pump will transfer warm water from the tank to the tower and then back to the tank.

The tower serves to strip the heat from the water, thus delivering cold water back to the tank. Note that ASC's towers are drained completely back to the tank after the autoclave cycle is complete. The tower and tower pump is sized to maintain the water temperature below 120 °F (48 °C), even during maximum autoclave cooling at full load.

Each pump includes flexible stainless hose isolator, maintenance isolation valves, pressure gauge, and local disconnect switch.

Water Tank

 

The water tank is an ASC-designed tank constructed of heavy-duty, 304 stainless-steel sheet metal. The tank volume is calculated based on size of autoclave and cooling capacity.

The tank is equipped with a level control valve and level controller. For larger autoclaves the tank also is equipped with high and low alarm indication.

Fully integrated and tested

With the exception of very large Econoclaves, all CL options come fully integrated and tested on the autoclave in our shop. The cooling tank, pumps, and controls are mounted on the rear skid, plumbed, and electrically connected. The tower is always shipped separately for installation by customer on their roof or on separate and optional tower stand.

Selecting an open tower, closed tower, exchanger, or chiller.

 

Most mid-size to large-size Econoclaves are sold with cooling systems that incorporate an open evaporative tower. The open evaporative tower strips the heat from the water by running the water down a PVC membrane while simultaneously directing forced air across the water. This action evaporates some of the water and removes the heat from the remaining portion. In this configuration, the water level will slowly drop during a tower cycle due to evaporation, and the level control system will "makeup" this water. (options CL1S and CL1ST)

While the open style of tower is inexpensive and popular, it is not always the best choice, especially in cases where the customer wants to utilize glycol in the water for freeze protection or in cases where the customer wants a "closed" system. In this case, a closed tower (CL2), radiator-style exchanger (CL4), or water-water exchanger (CL3) is provided.

In the closed tower configuration (CL2), autoclave process water flows through a stainless-steel tube bundle in the tower. The evaporation occurs with a secondary water loop which is managed by the tower. A small pump delivers water from the tower basin, to the top of the tube bundle, at which time it gravity drains/drips back to the basin.

The radiator-style exchanger configuration (CL2) utilizes a radiator tube/fin exchanger forced air fan delivery. As a non-evaporative solution, the autoclave water will only be able to cool to the dry-bulb ambient temperature. This is a good candidate for cold-weather areas where glycol will be utilized for cooling.

The water-water exchanger configuration (CL3) utilizes a liquid-media plate exchanger. In this configuration, a cooling system pump delivers warm tank water to the exchanger and then back to the tank. On the other side of the heat exchanger, the customer brings process or chilled water to the exchanger and then back to their own cooling system. This type of system is often selected for small Econoclaves (ie. EC1x2, 2x4, 3x5), or in cases where the customer has ample process water available.

Due to the large amount of cooling capacity required for the Econoclave, the refrigeration chiller configuration (CL4) is an extremely expensive way to cool the autoclave. For this reason, we only suggest a customer purchase option CL4 for a small autoclave that can’t use one of the other configurations, or for an autoclave that must achieve a very low final temperature and/or rapid low-temperature cooling rate.

The benefits of evaporation (CL1 and CL2)

Whether you are using an open or closed evaporative tower, there are big benefits to using the evaporative configuration instead of the radiator-style exchanger configuration. Evaporative towers are able to cool the autoclave below the current ambient temperature, and thus provide much better low-temperature cooling in the autoclave. In most cases, the water can be cooled to near the wet-bulb temperature, which will always be much lower then ambient (dry-bulb) temperature. For example, in a dry climate, the wet-bulb temperature might be 72 °F (22 °C) while the ambient temperature is 95 °F (35 °C).

Handling total dissolved solids (CL1T and CL1ST)

With the evaporative configuration, you should expect that the dissolved solids in the water will slowly increase. Over time, the solids concentration can increase to a level that will cause lime and scale buildup on the inside of the autoclave cooling heat-exchanger. For this reason, regular maintenance of the water tank should include flushing the tank and refilling with fresh water. For larger Econoclaves that use an open evaporative tower, ASC suggests selecting the TDS option, which provides a conductivity sensor and automated flushing system to control the TDS (total dissolved solids) in the water tank.

Tower stand (CL1S and CL1ST)

 

For open tower configuration, the bottom of the tower must be elevated at least 4-6 ft. above the water level in the tank. For this reason, the tower can be mounted on the roof of the building or can be mounted on an elevated stand structure. If you prefer to mount the tower near the autoclave and not on the roof, please select either the CL1S or CL2S option above.

VR - Controlled vacuum receiver system

Many composite applications require full vacuum during and or at the beginning of the cure cycle. In these cases, there is little need to control the level of the vacuum to the parts. However, for high-temperature polyimids and honeycomb reinforced parts, there is often the need to provide partial vacuum (ie. -10"Hg) to the parts. In these cases you will need to have a controlled vacuum receiver.

The VR option provides an integrated receiver tank, transducer connected to PC system, and two PC-controlled valves. Once configured, the system will provide Recipe-based programming and control of the system vacuum to +/- 1" hg (24 mm Hg) accuracy. The VR option includes solenoid operating valves for Econoclaves with minimal vacuum source ports, and proportional valves for larger Econoclave systems.

VT - VacTrap ™ chilled resin traps

For composite curing applications with high volatile content (ie. high-temperature polyimides), we recommend chilled VacTrap ™ assemblies instead of the conventional ambient temperature filter traps. The VacTrap will be much more effective condensing volatiles and solvents during high-temperature curing operations.

The VacTrap is an ASC designed modular vacuum system that utilizes conventional stainless-steel ball valves, a proprietary custom aluminum trap blocks, and a chiller.

TR - Transportation of Econoclave to your facility

Although many customers arrange and procure their own transportation, ASC can quote transportation of your Econoclave from ASC’s plant to your facility.

ASC will utilize one of our preferred shippers to deliver the Econoclave to your facility. The transportation option includes all costs, including insurance and ASC’s markup. For cases of ocean transportation, ASC can quote CIF Port of entry or DDU to your factory.

Note: ASC will utilize our standard markup for transportation costs, so it will always be more cost-effective for you to purchase transportation directly from a carrier rather than from ASC provide this.

RG - Offload and Rigging of the Econoclave at your facility

Many customers prefer to handle rigging with their preferred local contractors, however on turnkey projects and on larger Econoclave deliveries, customers often select the ASC rigging option in order to provide a sole-source responsibility for the effort.

The RIG option provides all costs to offload the autoclave from the truck at your facility and rig the autoclave into its final resting place in your plant. ASC will typically utilize our own personnel as well as local crane and rigging personnel as required.

For larger autoclave, this option also includes leveling of the autoclave in the pit prior to installation.

IN - Installation of the Econoclave at your facility

While Econoclaves are easy to install, most customers still prefer that ASC install the autoclave at their facility. There are a couple of installation options that you might want to consider.

  • IN1 ASC provides an installation expert to supervise customer’s employees and/or contractor installation.
  • IN2 ASC is responsible for installing the autoclave and auxiliary systems (see description below)

IN1 –Supervision by ASC field installation expert

This option is less expensive than the full installation as it provides a single expert to supervise the installation effort by the customer’s employees and/or locally procured mechanical and electrical contractors.

The installation effort can require as little as 3-5 days on small Econoclaves up to 5-6 weeks for large and complex units.

The option includes:

  • ASC field installation expert for a fixed number of days on-site at your facility.
  • Round-trip air-fare
  • Rental vehicle, hotel, and subsistence for the duration of the stay.

IN2 –Installation of autoclave at customer facility

This option provides all material and labor required to install the autoclave at your facility:

Includes: (If you want ASC to take on additional tasks, please contact an ASC sales engineer for a custom installation package)

  • Mechanical and electrical between the following:
    • Autoclave to water tank
      • Main and auxiliary water supply/return piping
      • Conduit, wire, and connections
    • Autoclave to compressed air utilities (see assumptions)
      • Piping and supports as required
    • Autoclave to pressurized nitrogen utilities
      • Piping and supports as required
    • Water tank to plant water utilities
      • Piping and supports as required
    • Vacuum vent from pump and vent manifold to building vent or building exterior
      • Piping and supports as required
    • Autoclave silencer to customer’s roof and/or wall penetration.
      • Piping and supports, assuming
    • Expansion-anchor lagging of autoclave to concrete floor.
    • For pit mounted autoclaves with BR (bridge) option:
      • Bridge placement, lagging, and concrete fill if required.
      • Air-over-oil tank placement
        • Piping
      • Conduit, wire, and connections.
      • Floor-mounted control enclosure
        • Placement
        • Conduit and wire
  • Mechanical labor to install the autoclave, air-fare, travel time, hotel and subsistence costs.
  • Electrical labor to install the autoclave, air-fare, travel time, hotel and subsistence costs.
  • All material except where identified in the Excludes section.
  • Rental vehicle(s) and lift equipment as required.

Assumptions: (The standard IN2 option is based on the following assumptions. If you prefer ASC to take on some of these items, please call ASC for a custom installation package.) Water, compressed air, and pressurized nitrogen utilizes are within 10 ft. of autoclave.

  • Electrical service disconnect is terminated within 10 ft. of autoclave or customer lands electrical conductors into ASC’s power enclosure.
  • If cooling tower is placed on the customer’s roof, ASC assumes that customer will have placed this tower prior to ASC’s arrival.
  • Cooling tower is within 30 ft (pipe length) of water tank.
  • Exhaust piping will not exceed 30 ft. (pipe length)
  • Vacuum vent pipe is no longer than 30 ft. from autoclave
  • Customer provides 480V power to job-site for welding and other electrical work.
  • Customer provides waste bin and removal, unless specifically included.

Exclusions: (The standard IN2 option has the following exclusions, which might be offered optionally. If you prefer ASC to take on some of these items, please call ASC for a custom installation package.)

  • Transportation of autoclave to customer site (see TR option)
  • Rigging of autoclave into pit and/or final location (see RG option)
  • Any and all civil work, including foundations, saddle grouting, walls, wall penetrations, roof penetrations, and roof sealing.
  • Pit ladders, railings, pit sump pump, and pit amendments.
  • Startup and training (see ST option)
  • Tower rigging and crane-assisted placement on roof (see Assumptions)

PG - Purge system with oxygen monitoring

 

Most composite autoclaves utilize nitrogen as the pressurization media.   After a cure cycle, there is a need to purge the nitrogen from the autoclave and bring in fresh breathable air prior to allowing personnel to enter the autoclave.  

In the past many companies have purged this unsafe atmosphere by putting in place a procedure that required the operators to open the door and run the internal autoclave circulation fan for 5-10 minutes prior to entering.  While this method does adequately purge the nitrogen from the autoclave and replace it with breathable air, it is not an automatic function and relies heavily upon the diligence of the operators and supervisors in the production area.

ASC strongly recommends the use of an automated purge system for all walk-in autoclave that utilize nitrogen.  The PG - purge system option includes the following:

  • One (1) high-pressure purge blower, rated to delivery breathable air to the autoclave (19.5% oxygen) in under 30 minutes.
  • One (1) high-capacity purge air inlet valve.
  • One (1) high-capacity nitrogen outlet valve
  • One (1) Safety blow-out box
  • Air sampling pump and air sampling valve(s) positioned to sample autoclave air.
  • Oxygen monitoring instrument
  • Door interlock to disable door open operation until 19.5% oxygen is monitored at instrument.

Multi-point sampling

For small and mid-size autoclave, the sampling system utilizes a single connection at the rear of the autoclave, however for longer autoclaves, ASC incorporates multiple sampling valves that will sequence and repeat to insure safe oxygen levels at different points down the length of the autoclave.

Air sampling and monitoring

The integrated oxygen monitoring system automatically samples the autoclave at the end of a cure cycle and confirms safe oxygen levels prior to allowing autoclave door operation. 

The monitoring instrument, manufactured by AMI Devices, has a 10-year sensor and displays the oxygen percentage for the operator to view.  The monitor is also connected to a stack-light which illuminates Red when it is unsafe to enter and Green when the purge cycle has reached a minimum purge time AND the oxygen level has been verified to be at least 19.5%.

In order to provide an even safer system, ASC incorporated a flow monitoring sensor to guarantee that the sample pump is operating properly during the monitoring period.   ASC is the only company to have this feature.

Additionally, the sampling logic is designed to require that the autoclave fan is running during a purge sequence.  If the fan is stopped prematurely, the purge cycle will fail.

Purge completion time

Although there is no specific industry standard, most purge systems are designed to achieve safe breathable air in less than 30 minutes.  If you require a shorter purge sequence, please contact ASC sales engineer to discuss other custom options.  Note that reduction in purge time can cause the price to increase dramatically.

Back-pressure blower safety

Although a purge system is a recommended safety system for the autoclave, an incorrectly designed purge system can cause catastrophic failure and injury if the purge air valve were to open while the autoclave is fully pressurized.    This has happened a few times in the last decade on autoclaves built by some of our competitors, and the result has been a catastrophic failure of the purge blower and explosive shrapnel.  

In order to mitigate the risk of blower back-pressure, ASC’s purge system incorporates a series of a safety features that include a hard-wired pressure interlock for the fresh air valve, a single-acting actuator for the valve, and a proprietary blow-out box which will relieve and vent excess-pressure in the unlikely event that the valve opens.  

BG - Pit transfer bridge

 
 

For large autoclaves that are mounted in pits, you will need to purchase a bridge system which spans from the shop floor to the autoclave (see photo above).

ASC can design and manufacture a number of different styles of bridge systems.

  • BG1 – Rotating bridge with air-over-hydraulic lift cylinder, manual rotation
  • BG1A – Rotating bridge with air-over-hydraulic lift cylinder, automated rotation
  • BG2 – Sliding bridge, manual slide
  • BG2A – Sliding bridge, automated slide
  • BG3 – Pivoting draw-bridge.
  • BG4 -  Scissor-lift bridge

BG1 and BG1A – Rotating Bridge

Due to its simplicity and low cost, BG1 rotating bridge is the most popular bridge configuration. 

In this configuration, the bridge moves up and down using an automotive-style air-over-hydraulic cylinder which is mounted into the pit floor.  During a cure cycle the bridge is stored at the pit floor level in the 90-degree position.  When the door opens, the bridge is raised to the UP position, manually rotated to a 0 degree position, and lowered into the final Load position.  Unlike scissor lift configuration, the cylinder is only for movement and is not utilized during part and tool loading operations.  In the “Load” position, the bridge is actually positioned and resting in a recessed slot in pit wall (shop floor side) and on a physical landing at the autoclave.   This passive support is extremely safe.

On larger bridges ASC recommends a BG1A option, which provides a dual-cylinder and a automatic hydraulically-operated rotation assembly. 

BG2 /  BG2A – Sliding bridge

The sliding bridge is a simple system where the bridge platform is mounted on a cart that can roll out of the way.  This type of bridge is only selected by customers who have spare space next to the autoclave and don’t mind a slightly larger pit.   The standard BG2 bridge is mean to be manually pulled and pushed into place.

The BG2A provides a long air cylinder that positions the platform in the Load and Store positions.

BG3 – Pivoting draw bridge

The pivoting draw-bridge utilizes a large hydraulic cylinder to pivot the bridge from its Load position to a vertical Store position.  In the configuration, during the cure cycle the bridge is positioned vertically in front of the autoclave door.

BG4 – Scissor-lift bridge

The configuration utilizes a conventional hydraulic scissor-lift to raise and lower the bridge.  In this configuration, the pit must be much deeper to accommodate the scissor mechanism.  Also, in the configuration, the scissor hydraulics are used to lift the bridge and also to maintain the bridge and part/tool load during loading operations.  For this reason, scissor bridges are provided with corner-positioned lock pins which are used to insure that the bridge stability during loading. 

CT - Floor and autoclave carts

 
 

ASC manufactures a wide variety of carts for autoclaves and oven applications. 

  • CTT – Transfer cart, used to transfer autoclave cart to autoclave, non-pit-mounted autoclaves
  • CTA1 -  Autoclave cart, single-level, standard top
  • CTA2 -  Autoclave cart, multi-level, standard top
  • CTAX – Custom cart. 

CTT – Transfer Cart

The transfer cart is used on the shop floor to transfer the autoclave cart to and from the layup room.   The cart has a handle, one pair of swivel wheels, and a lock mechanism that is used to secure the transfer cart to the autoclave during movement of the autoclave cart into and out of the autoclave.

CTA1 – Single-level autoclave cart

This option provides a single-level autoclave cart that is designed to roll on the autoclave rails (V-groove or channel).  The autoclave cart surface can be expanded metal or flat plate.   .

CTA2 – Multi-level autoclave cart

This option provides a multi-level autoclave cart, which is designed to stack tools and parts in the autoclave.  The ASC sales engineer will contact you to discuss your exact cart requirements.

CTA3 – Custom

If you have a specific requirement, select CTAX and provide a brief description of the cart.  Our sales engineer will contact you to discuss.